COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

El objetivo de esta sesión es que identifiquemos cuando un sustantivo es contable (countable) o incontable (uncountable).

Imaginemos que estamos entrando a un taller “workshop” y observamos:

Pintura : paint              auto : car                     gasolina: petrol/gasoline

3

¿Cómo reconocemos en inglés si un sustantivo es contable o incontable?

Bien comencemos nuestra sesión:

1.- Countable nouns

Aquellos sustantivos que tienen singular y plural, es decir los podemos contar.

For example:

4

A book, two books, three books …..

2.- Uncountable nouns

Aquellos que no se pueden contar a través de los números cardinales. Solo tienen forma singular. Generalmente son los líquidos, polvos, granos pequeños y materiales que pueden cambiar de forma.

For example:

5

Paint

6

Gasoline

3.-  Expresions

Veamos algunas expresiones que podemos usar con estos sustantivos:

a.     Some – any

Puedes usarlo con sustantivos contables e incontables.

Some: algunos, algunas, algo. Se usa generalmente en oraciones afirmativas  y en preguntas cuando si pones que la respuesta va a ser afirmativa.

Any: ningún, ninguna (oraciones negativas).

Algo, algunos, algunas (preguntas).

Cualquier, cualquiera (oraciones afirmativas).

Examples:

Some dogs can be dangerous.                                 ………………………………..

I don’t use any computers at work.                            ………………………………..

I usually drink some wine with my meal.                     ………………………………..

I don’t usually drink any water with my wine.              …………………………………..

b.-  Many – few

Se usa con sustantivos contables plurales.

Many: Muchos, muchas.

A few: unos cuantos /as.

Examples:

There are few elephants in England.                        ………………………………..

There are many elephants in the zoo                       ………………………………..

c.-  Much – a little

Much: mucho /a

A little: un poco

Solo se usa con sustantivos incontables.

Examples:

 I don’t usually drink much coffee.
We have a little wine.

d.-  A lot of

Mucha /o  y muchos /as.

Solo puedes usarlo con sustantivos plurales contables y con sustantivos incontables.

Examples:

A lot of wine is drunk in France.

A lot of computers were reported broken the week before.

4.- Making uncountable nouns countable

Tú puedes convertir sustantivos incontables en contables usando ciertas expresiones.

Examples:

A piece/ slice : una pieza , rebanada , pedazo.

10 litres : 10 litros.

A can : una lata.

A tube : un tubo.

A cup : una taza.

A bag: una bolsa.

EXERCISES

1.  Write three sentences with countable nouns.
2. Write three sentences with uncountable nouns.
3. Write a sentence with :  can or bag.

Acerca de inglesparatransportes

Docente especialista del curso.

»

  1. Ricardo Gutierrez Luque dice:

    1. Write three sentences with countable nouns.

    -There are three cars in the street
    -There is a cell in the table
    -There are six seats in the house

    2. Write three sentences with uncountable nouns.

    -A lot of water in the pool
    -There is a little lemonade in the glass
    -There are a lot of gas in the atmosphere

    3. Write a sentence with : can or bag.

    -There is a bag of cement

  2. Oscar Rivera Cusi dice:

    – Countable nouns:
    . There are three books near the table.
    . There is a car in the Shopping Center’s garage.
    . There is a child in the park with his parents.

    – Uncountable nouns:
    . I don’t have paper for mi homework.
    . I usually drink wine for a special dinner.
    . I buy paint for decorate my living room.

    Can or Bag:
    . The last Week my sister buy a bag of potatos for the lunch.

  3. karen huaman dice:

    COUNTABLE:
    * TWO BOOKS OF THE COLOUR RED IS IN THE TABLE.
    * A COMPUTER IS UNDER OF THE CEILING.
    * A ROPE BIG IS NEXT TO THE GIRL.

    UNCOUNTABLES:
    – Some cements can be heavy.
    – There are few pipes in the repair shop.
    – they have a little of sand the sea.

    -* Is there a bag of cement?.

  4. jackieguzman dice:

    • A lot of building in Miraflores
    • I often drink some coffee in the morning
    • I don’t drink any sugar

    • There are three children in the bus
    • There two cups on the table
    • There four boxes behind the desk

    • A can of milk

  5. stefaniadpsm dice:

    1. Write three sentences with countable nouns.

    a)There are four cars in the gas station.
    b) I’m buying three apples in the store.
    c) There is a pencil under my desk.

    2. Write three sentences with uncountable nouns.

    a) Erika often buys some of coffe.
    b) I always drink soda with my friends.
    c) I’m making a cake with some chocolate.

    3. Write a sentence with : can or bag.

    a) Please!… I want five cans of milk.

  6. yosselyn156 dice:

    1. There are few tigers in the zoo.
    2. There are many books in the library.
    3. Some notebook can be green.

    1. Today take a lot of coffee.
    2. I have a little cold.
    3. I do not usually eat much ham.

    1. The mason has five bags of cement.

  7. luis usaqui dice:

    COUNTABLE:
    My shoes is red.
    she can three phones.
    he have a jean broken.

    UNCOUNTABLE:
    this coffee is hot
    this oil is bad.
    he drink water.

    this can of tuna is big.

  8. jimmy cuadros caballero dice:

    1. a)there are three books on the table
    b)there are ten tables in my house
    c)there are two closets in my room

    2. a) There are a few cats in the house
    b) we have a little sugar
    c) I often drink some soda

    3. there are two cans of beer in the refrigerator

  9. jimena huaman dice:

    1.
    a) there are four cars in the parking lot
    b) there are five clocks in my house
    c) there are six children in the classroom

    2.
    a) there are many mice in the basement
    b) some cats are playful
    c) a lot of beer is drunk in peru

    3.
    there are many cans of milk at the store

  10. Cristhian Morales dice:

    I have in my house three dogs.
    I go to supermarket for buy four books.
    I eat five oranges in the lunch.

    I want nine liters of paint.
    I have three bags of sand.
    I need two cups of coffee.

    Sometimes I can speak japanese.

  11. me gusta los métodos k explica y grasias a su ayuda ya stoy entendiendo el presene continuo agrando ing a l final de cada verbo.

  12. Martinez Chipana, Carlos dice:

    There aren’t any bottles of milk in the fridge.
    There are few people at the cinema
    There are some books on the desk

    there is some milk in the refrigerator
    There are much oil in Iran
    I have some wood to sell

  13. vickyparedes dice:

    Countable Nouns

    1) There are some cables on the floor.
    2) There are some pliers in the backpack.
    3) Are there any tools in the car?

    Uncountable Nouns

    1) There is black paint in the bucket.
    2) There are somebrushes cleaner.
    3) Are there any petrol in the car?

    Write a sentence with : can or bag

    There is a can of beer on the table.

    There is a bag of sugar in the store.

  14. erickportellae dice:

    1. Write three sentences with countable nouns.

    a) There are some hammers on the table.
    b) There is an electric drill.
    c) There are few nails in the box.

    2. Write three sentences with uncountable nouns.

    a) Is a there any green paint?
    b) There is some gas in the bottle.
    c) Is there any paper on the desk?

    3. Write a sentence with : can or bag.

    a) There is a bag of rice in the market.
    b)There is a can of soda in the refrigerator.

  15. jessica carbajal dice:

    sentences countable:
    1. I CAN BUY THREE JEANS AND TWO SHOES WITH THIS MONEY
    2. I HAVE A GAT AND A CAN IN THE HOUSE
    3.SHE HAS TWO GREEN HAIR CLIPS

    sentences uncountable:
    1. I OFTEN NOT DRINK WATER
    2.USUALLY I COKK WITH A LITTLE SILLAO
    3.THEY BUY A LOT OF WINE

    I. THE BAG IS UNDER THE TABLE

  16. gianfranco dice:

    1. There are some cats in the living room.
    2. She doesn`t use any books in her class.
    3. There are many computers in the lab.
    4. A lot of sports are playing around the world.
    5. I drink a lot of water.
    6. I usually eat much soup.

  17. Oscar Rivera Cusi dice:

    1-
    . I write three letters for a week.
    . I have two pencils in my desk.
    . He ate four chickens the last week.
    2-
    .I bought paint for the door.
    . I have some water in the bottle.
    . He drank a litte beer.
    3-
    . I have a bag of cement.
    . I’m buying some cans of fish.
    .He is carrying a bag of sand.

  18. Alice Monte Luciani dice:

    – I have three screws
    – There are four windows in the room
    – There are two doors in the living room
    – I have some paint
    – There is some water in the jar
    – I have some oil in one gallon
    – Ther is a can of milk

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