UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL FEDERICO VILLARREAL

ESCUELA DE INGENIERIA DE TRANSPORTES

CURSO : INGLES TECNICO II

DOCENTE : CARMEN SALAZAR DEZA

SIMPLE PAST TENSE

1.- USOS:

_ Para describir acciones que han sucedido en un tiempo anterior y que ya han finalizado.

She cleaned her house.                                             Ella limpió su casa.

Para un serie de acciones en el pasado

He came in, took off his coat and sat down

Se utiliza para hablar de generalidades o hechos del pasado.

I played the guitar when I was a child. (Tocaba la guitarra cuando era niño.)

 

2.- AUXILIAR

Para todas las personas gramaticales usamos

Did ( preguntas y respuestas cortas afirmativas )

Didn´t ( negativo y respuestas cortas negativas )

3.- TIME EXPRESIONS

… ago

last week

in 1995

yesterday

last   month

in August

the day   before yesterday

last year

at seven   o’clock

4.- ESTRUCTURA

………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………

…………………………………

…………………………………

5.- VERBOS
Para poder formar una oración en tiempo pasado debemos distinguir dos tipos de verbos :

 VERBOS REGULARES y VERBOS IRREGULARES. En el primero de los casos forman su Pasado Simple añadiendo la terminación ED al infinitivo, mientras que los irregulares reciben ese nombre por no seguir un patrón determinado y en este caso deben estudiarse individualmente.

  1. Para verbos que terminan en una “e“,      sólo añadimos “-d.
    • Ejemplos:

change → changed

  1. Si el verbo termina en una vocal corta y      una consonante (excepto “y” o “w“),      doblamos la consonante final.
    • Ejemplos:

stop → stopped

  1. Con verbos que terminan en una consonante y      una “y“, se cambia la “y” para una      “i“.

study → studied

Pronunciation (Pronunciación)

Pronunciamos la terminación “-ed” de forma diferente dependiendo de la letra que va al final del infinitivo. En general la “e” es muda.

  1. Con los infinitivos que terminan en “p“, “f“, “k” o “s” (consonantes      sordas, excepto “t“)      pronunciamos la terminación” “-ed” como una “t“.

Look   looked                   [lukt]

  1. Con los infinitivos que terminan en “b“, “g“, “l“, “m“, “n“, “v“, “z” (consonantes      sonoras, excepto “d“)      o una vocal, pronunciamos sólo la “d“.

Clean           cleaned                 [klind]

  1. Con los infinitivos que terminan en “d” o “t“, pronunciamos la      “e”      como una “i“.

end                       ended                             [endid]

EXERCISES

                        WRITE THE VERBS IN PAST TENSE

John, my best friend (see) ……………….. a car accident
last night when he was coming back to his home.
He (do not know) ………………. what to do, so he
(decide) ………………. to call the police, and a few
minutes later also (arrive) ……………….. two ambulances.
Fortunately nobody (be) ……………….. hurt, however
the local authorities (start) ……………….. a full investigation

Last Sunday Michael (go) ………………. to his grandparent’s
farm for first time.
As his car is not very big, he (do not take) ……………….. so
much luggage. He (want) ………………. to get to the farm
very quickly, so he (do not stop) ……………….. to buy any petrol.
Fortunately there (not be) ……………….. much traffic so
he (can) ……………….. arrive to the house very early
to have breakfast.

Acerca de inglesparatransportes

Docente especialista del curso.

»

  1. Isabel Guerrero Huaman dice:

    John, my best friend (see) ……saw ……….. a car accident
    last night when he was coming back to his home.
    He (do not know) …didn´t know……………. what to do, so he
    (decide) ……decided…………. to call the police, and a few
    minutes later also (arrive) ……arrived………….. two ambulances.
    Fortunately nobody (be) ………was……….. hurt, however
    the local authorities (start) ……started………….. a full investigation

    Last Sunday Michael (go) ………went………. to his grandparent’s
    farm for first time.
    As his car is not very big, he (do not take) ……didn´t take………….. so
    much luggage. He (want) ……wanted…………. to get to the farm
    very quickly, so he (do not stop) ……didn´t stop………….. to buy any petrol.
    Fortunately there (not be) ………wasn´t……….. much traffic so
    he (can) ……could………….. arrive to the house very early
    to have breakfast.

  2. brenda fernandez dice:

    John, my best friend (see)..saw.. a car accident
    last night when he was coming back to his home.
    He (do not know)..didn´t know.. what to do, so he
    (decide)..decided.. to call the police, and a few
    minutes later also (arrive)..arrived.. two ambulances.
    Fortunately nobody (be)..was.. hurt, however
    the local authorities (start)..started.. a full investigation
    Last Sunday Michael (go)..went.. to his grandparent’s
    farm for first time.
    As his car is not very big, he (do not take)..didn´t take.. so
    much luggage. He (want)..wanted.. to get to the farm
    very quickly, so he (do not stop)..didn´t stop.. to buy any petrol.
    Fortunately there (not be).. wasn´t ..much traffic so
    he (can).. could.. arrive to the house very early
    to have breakfast.

  3. Isabel Guerrero Huaman dice:

    🙂

  4. brenda fernandez dice:

    John, my best friend (see) saw a car accident
    last night when he was coming back to his home.
    He (do not know) didn´t know what to do, so he
    (decide) decided to call the police, and a few
    minutes later also (arrive) arrived two ambulances.
    Fortunately nobody (be) was hurt, however
    the local authorities (start) started a full investigation
    Last Sunday Michael (go) went to his grandparent’s
    farm for first time.
    As his car is not very big, he (do not take) didn´t take so
    much luggage. He (want) wanted to get to the farm
    very quickly, so he (do not stop) didn´t stop to buy any petrol.
    Fortunately there (not be) wasn´t much traffic so
    he (can) could arrive to the house very early
    to have breakfast.

  5. Dayana Guevara Solano dice:

    WRITE THE VERBS IN PAST TENSE

    John, my best friend (see)..saw.. a car accident
    last night when he was coming back to his home.
    He (do not know) ..didn’t know.. what to do, so he
    (decide) ..decided.. to call the police, and a few
    minutes later also (arrive) ..arrived.. two ambulances.
    Fortunately nobody (be) ..was.. hurt, however
    the local authorities (start) ..started.. a full investigation

    Last Sunday Michael (go) ..went… to his grandparent’s
    farm for first time.
    As his car is not very big, he (do not take) ..didn’t take.. so
    much luggage. He (want) ..wanted.. to get to the farm
    very quickly, so he (do not stop) ..didn’t stop.. to buy any petrol.
    Fortunately there (not be) ..wasn’t.. much traffic so
    he (can) ..could.. arrive to the house very early
    to have breakfast.

  6. ysabel montoya montalvan dice:

    John, my best friend (see)..saw.. a car accident
    last night when he was coming back to his home.
    He (do not know) ..didn’t know.. what to do, so he
    (decide) ..decided.. to call the police, and a few
    minutes later also (arrive) ..arrived.. two ambulances.
    Fortunately nobody (be) ..was.. hurt, however
    the local authorities (start) ..started.. a full investigation

    Last Sunday Michael (go) ..went… to his grandparent’s
    farm for first time.
    As his car is not very big, he (do not take) ..didn’t take.. so
    much luggage. He (want) ..wanted.. to get to the farm
    very quickly, so he (do not stop) ..didn’t stop.. to buy any petrol.
    Fortunately there (not be) ..wasn’t.. much traffic so
    he (can) ..could.. arrive to the house very early
    to have breakfast.

  7. Jimmy Cuadros Caballero dice:

    ohn, my best friend (see) … saw.. a car accident
    last night when he was coming back to his home.
    He (do not know) …didn`t know……………. what to do, so he
    (decide) ………decided………. to call the police, and a few
    minutes later also (arrive) ……arrived………….. two ambulances.
    Fortunately nobody (be) …was…………….. hurt, however
    the local authorities (start) …………started…….. a full investigation

    Last Sunday Michael (go) ………went……. to his grandparent’s
    farm for first time.
    As his car is not very big, he (do not take) ………didn`t take……….. so
    much luggage. He (want) ……………wanted…. to get to the farm
    very quickly, so he (do not stop) ………didn`t stop……….. to buy any petrol.
    Fortunately there (not be) …………wasn`t…….. much traffic so
    he (can) ………………could .. arrive to the house very early
    to have breakfast.

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